Courtesy of Lise from Maine
“First of all, in the Constitution of the State of Maine (original) in Article IX, Section 3 it states: “SECT. 3. All Commissions shall be in the name of the State, signed by the Governor, attested by the Secretary or his deputy, and have the seal of the State thereto affixed.”
In order to understand “who” is supposed to be commissioned then it is very important to know the definitions of commission and judge so I went to inspect the various years (1843, 1856, 1877 and 1914) of Bouvier’s Law Dictionary and Noah Webster’s dictionaries (1828, 1854, 1859).
By the way, I collect old dictionaries and continue to pick them up on my travels.
Definitions are very, very important to understand.
In the 1914 Bouvier’s Law Dictionary the definition of “commission” states in part: “Letters-patent granted by the government, under the public seal, to a person appointed to an office, giving him authority to perform the duties of his office. The commission is not the appointment, but only evidence of it, and, as soon as it is signed and sealed, vests the office in the appointee; judges assigned to certain duties are appointed thereto by commission…”
Take particular notice of the words “vests the office.”
That is the function of a commission. No commission = no office = no judicial powers = no immunity = “mere” employee.
This is vital to comprehend.
In the 1750 “The New Law Dictionary” by Gile Jacob the definition of “Letters patent” states in part: “Sometimes called Letters Overt, are Writings of the King fealed with the Great Seal of England, whereby a Perfon is enabled to do or enjoy that which otherwife he could not; and fo called, becaufe they are open with the Seal affixed, and to be fhewn for Confirmation of the Authority thereby given.”
Back in those days the letter “s” was expressed by the letter “f.”
In the 1914 Bouvier’s Law Dictionary the definition of “judge” states in part: “A public officer lawfully appointed to decide litigated questions according to law. An officer so named in his commission, who presides in some court.”
In the 1828 Noah Webster’s dictionary the definition of commission states in part: ” The thing committed, entrusted or delivered; letters patent, or any writing from proper authority, given to a person as his warrant for exercising certain powers, or the performance of any duty, whether civil, ecclesiastical, or military.”
In the 1828 Noah Webster’s dictionary the definition of judge states in part: “A civil officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine causes, civil or criminal, between parties, according to his commission.”
In the 1780 first Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Chapter III, Judiciary Power it states in part: “Art. 1. THE tenure, that all commiffion officers fhall by law have in their offices, fhall be expreffed in their refpective commiffions. All judicial officers, duly appointed, commiffioned and fworn, fhall hold their offices during good behaviour, excepting fuch concerning whom there is different provifion made in this Conftitution.”
In those days the “s” was expressed by using an “f.”
It may be difficult to read but it says what it says. All judicial officers are commissioned officers.
When I first discovered the “commission” in 2007 after seeing Article IX, Section 3 in the original Constitution of the State of Maine and after discovering the definitions of commission and judge in the various dictionaries, I decided to go to the Archives in Augusta, Maine and see if I could get copies of some commissions. I came home with a stack of old dead judges’ commissions and began to study the significance of it.
It was a relative of mine, who shall be nameless, that initiated my investigation of the commission.
I then went to the law libraries to examine laws to see if the word commission was mentioned in any of them. I found plenty of laws stating that judges must be “learned in law (common law), of sobriety of manners, must be appointed, commissioned and qualified as provided by the constitution.”
Since 2007 I have been investigating various aspects of the creation of the State of Maine (original – 1820)) and the changes that took place over time, and I have found plenty of fraud and treason.
My upcoming book will explain some of this.
Hope this is helpful.
Lise from Maine”
Thank you Lise for your years of intensive research.
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